Christine Lagarde was appointed to the presidency of the European Central Bank in November 2019, becoming its first female head since it was founded in 1998.
Lagarde had served as French finance minister and the first female president of the International Monetary Fund.
Only 14 of 173 central banks worldwide are led by women, according to research conducted in March 2020 by the Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum.
Bulgarian Kristalina Georgieva was appointed as the president of the IMF in September 2019. Georgieva became the second woman to take over the position after Lagarde.
She previously served as the vice-president of the European Commission and CEO of the World Bank.
Audrey Azoulay was appointed Director-General of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in November 2017.
Azoulay is the second woman to hold the position after Irina Bokova, who served from 2009 to 2017.