Scientists Discover First Animal that Doesn’t Need Oxygen to Live

You’d think all animals would need oxygen to live, right? Wrong.

Researchers just discovered a unique organism that doesn’t need to breathe. Instead, the tiny parasite lives in salmon tissue and evolved so that it doesn’t need oxygen to produce energy.

It’s a brilliant simplification that proves, sometimes, less is more, said Stephen Atkinson, senior research associate at Oregon State University’s Department of Microbiology.

Atkinson co-authored a paper on the groundbreaking, less than 10-celled Henneguya salminicola that appeared in the journal PNAS this week. It is a type of animal related to jellyfish and coral. It lives inside salmon and “steals ready-made nutrients” from it, instead of consuming oxygen directly.

The team’s findings, he said, expand the definition of what an “animal” can be. The organism forms small white cysts in the muscle of salmon. It probably doesn’t harm the fish and can’t infect humans.

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