The International Labor Organization called on governments to extend labor and social security legislation to homeworkers in the informal economy.
It also highlighted particular challenges around employment protections for digital platform workers, who are spread around the world and may work in a different country from the online platform and client.
Advances in technology and the COVID-19 pandemic are predicted to lead to a permanent increase in people working from home using the internet, email and videoconferencing.
One concern for teleworkers is that employers could gradually replace staff working from home with contractors, possibly from countries where labor is cheaper.
Another issue is the blurring between work and personal time. Countries like France, Chile, Belgium, Ecuador and Italy have introduced rules allowing workers “the right to disconnect” and ensure bosses respect boundaries between work and private life.