According to the United Nations Environment Program, about 300 million tonnes of plastic waste are produced every year. Researchers estimate that more than 8.3 billion tonnes of plastic have been produced since the early 1950s.
However, only about 60 percent of that plastic has ended up in either a landfill or the natural environment. What’s worse is that regardless of where it is dumped, in a river, the ocean, or on land, plastic waste can persist in the environment for centuries, which has a severe impact on the ecosystem.
China’s National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment issued “Opinions on Further Strengthening Plastic Pollution Control” at the beginning of 2020, which calls for a nationwide ban on the use of non-biodegradable disposable plastic tableware, non-biodegradable plastic bags, hotel disposable plastic supplies and express plastic packaging.