COVID: Vaccine efficacy vs. effectiveness

The race to find a COVID-19 vaccine produced different vaccines which, after finishing clinical trials, were approved for use in several countries.

The COVID-19 vaccine was produced at an incredible speed, breaking record times for vaccine developments. The results of the trials were much better than expected, judging by their efficacy levels: the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine recorded 95 percent efficacy in reducing infection, the Moderna vaccine 94 percent, and Oxford-AstraZeneca 90 percent.

Though efficacy and effectiveness are often used interchangeably to talk about how successful a vaccine is, efficacy refers strictly to how well a vaccine does during clinical trials, while effectiveness indicates the ability of the vaccine to prevent the disease in the real world.

Efficacy and effectiveness of a vaccine may differ, as a vaccine may perform differently in a larger setting, given to a broader population including people suffering from other health conditions.

Source: https://newseu.cgtn.com/news/2021-01-04/The-COVID-19-terms-you-might-still-be-getting-wrong-WL3p01BiSY/index.html

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.