The Philippines is very much late to the party. Its peers in Southeast Asia have more developed roads and infrastructure.
Just looking at road infrastructure in East Asia, the Philippines lags behind Malaysia, China, Thailand and Indonesia in quality of road infrastructure. It is only ahead of Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos and Mongolia, according to a World Bank 2018 Global Competitive Report.
The World Bank said access to road infrastructure is not enough to attain trade and transit development goals. The quality of roads is equally important, it said.
The quality of road infrastructure is also an important factor in minimizing the transaction costs of travel and trade and improving the efficiency and resilience of road networks.
The World Bank said, “Amongst emerging economies, Malaysia easily scores highest, although conditions are significantly better in West Malaysia than in East Malaysia. Nepal…is perceived to have the poorest road quality.”